South Dakota Wing Civil Air Patrol South Dakota Wing Civil Air Patrol



National CAP CISM
International CIS Foundation
Sioux Empire CISM Network
James Valley CIS Team – Mitchell
USD Disaster Mental Health Institute


PFA Field Operations Guide
World Health Organization PFA Field
Workers Guide (cross-cultural)

First responder PFA pocket guide

Online PFA Training

National Child Trauma Stress Network
Johns Hopkins University

Welcome to
South Dakota Wing CISM!

Responding to tragedies puts those who respond at psychological risk. Responders are under extreme stress, and may witness things that can haunt the dreams. Critical incident stress is a normal reaction to abnormal circumstances. Psychological first aid (PFA) can help prevent these initial reactions from becoming long-term mental health problems. Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) is the school of PFA employed by CAP.

CISM is not psychotherapy any more than regular first aid is trauma surgery. It is, however, a valuable way of assisting those at risk, and identifying those for whom professional psychological services would be beneficial.

Col. David Small Jr.
Commander, CAP/NCR/SDWG
Lt Col. Mark K. Hunington